Research paper on technology transfer

Many companies, universities and governmental organizations now have an Office of Technology Transfer TTO, also known as "Tech Transfer" or "TechXfer" dedicated to identifying research which has potential commercial interest and strategies for how to exploit it. For instance, a research result may be of scientific and commercial interest, but patents are normally only issued for practical processes, and so someone—not necessarily the researchers—must come up with a specific practical process.

The process to commercially exploit research varies widely. It can involve licensing agreements or setting up joint ventures and partnerships to share both the risks and rewards of bringing new technologies to market. Other corporate vehicles, e. Often these approaches are associated with raising of venture capital VC as a means of funding the development process, a practice more common in the United States than in the European Union , which has a more conservative approach to VC funding.

Technology transfer offices may work on behalf of research institutions, governments and even large multinationals. Where start-ups and spin-outs are the clients, commercial fees are sometimes waived in lieu of an equity stake in the business. As a result of the potential complexity of the technology transfer process, technology transfer organizations are often multidisciplinary, including economists, engineers, lawyers, marketers and scientists. The dynamics of the technology transfer process has attracted attention in its own right, and there are several dedicated societies and journals. There has been a marked increase in technology transfer intermediaries specialized in their field since , stimulated in large part by the Bayh-Dole Act and equivalent legislation in other countries, which provided additional incentives for research exploitation.

The U. Despite incentives to move research into production, the practical aspects are sometimes difficult to perform in practice. Attempting to rush research prototypes into production fully tested under diverse conditions, reliable, maintainable, etc.

Latest Articles

Firstly, public expenditure on healthcare and elderly care in the EU is already significant and expected to increase as a percentage of the GDP. Secondly, in many Member States elderly people have significant spending power, adding to the already important public sector-stimulated market.


  1. OECD iLibrary | International Technology Transfer Policies;
  2. favourite tv programs essay?
  3. Technology Transfer and Market Impact.
  4. studying creative writing in australia.

The dataset will contain data from audio and visual sensors, will be annotated with ground truth and will contain training data sets for the use in the scientific community. Autonomous agents are on the verge of becoming a valuable asset in the workplace as well as for personal purposes. Ab Hamid, M. Value-based performance excellence model for higher education institutions. Ackermann, F. Strategic options development. Holwell Eds. London: Springer London. Ackoff, R. The future of operational research is past. The Journal of the Operational Research Society , 30 2 , The art and science of mess management.

Interfaces , 11 1 , Adams, N. Data mining for fun and profit. Statistical Science , 15 2 , Agrawal, A. Putting patents in context: exploring knowledge transfer from MIT.


  • collection of essays george orwell;
  • The Journal of Technology Transfer - Springer!
  • what friendship means to me essay by grove patterson?
  • Management Science , 48 1 , Argyres, N. Privatizing the intellectual commons: universities and the commercialization of biotechnology. Azevedo, C. Cadernos de Saude Publica , 8 2 , Barreyro, G. Bourelos, E. Investigating the complexity facing academic entrepreneurs in science and engineering: the complementarities of research performance, networks and support structures in commercialisation. Cambridge Journal of Economics , 36 3 , Bozeman, B. Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory.

    Unlocking the Potential for Successful Technology Transfer

    Research Policy , 29 4—5 , Breschi, S. Sectorial innovation systems: technological regimes, Schumpeterian dynamics, and spatial boundaries. Edquist Ed. London: Pinter. Bubela, T. Role and reality: technology transfer at Canadian universities. Trends in Biotechnology , 28 9 , Burbidge, J. Back to production management. Manufacturing Engineer , 74 2 , Task complexity affects information seeking and use. Carraz, R.

    Services on Demand

    Prager Eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


    • essay on advantages and disadvantages of salaried jobs?
    • Technology Transfer and Market Impact – Empathic Project.
    • cry the beloved country research paper!
    • the essential sternberg essays on intelligence?
    • manchester university thesis submission.
    • Checkland, P. Soft systems methodology: a thirty year retrospective. Chiesa, V. Evaluation and performance measurement of research and development: Techniques and Perspectives for multi-level analysis. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing. Coriat, B.

      Organizations, firms and institutions in the generation of innovation. Research Policy , 31 2 , Czarnitzki, D. Commercializing academic research: the quality of faculty patenting. Industrial and Corporate Change , 20 5 , Why do academics engage with industry? The entrepreneurial university and individual motivations.

      The Journal of Technology Transfer , 36 3 , De Fuentes, C. Geographic proximity and university-industry interaction: the case of Mexico. The Journal of Technology Transfer , 41 2 , Etzkowitz, H. The norms of entrepreneurial science: cognitive effects of the new university — industry linkages. Research Policy , 27 8 , Research Policy , 29 2 , Fortis, M. Grimaldi, R.

      Research Policy , 40 8 , Grimpe, C. Informal university technology transfer: a comparison between the United States and Germany.

      The Economics of Research and Development and Technology Transfer - Call for Papers - Elsevier

      The Journal of Technology Transfer , 35 6 , Guellec, D. Markets for patents: actors, workings and recent trends. Hiatt, S. From pabst to Pepsi: the deinstitutionalization of social practices and the creation of entrepreneurial opportunities. Administrative Science Quarterly , 54 4 , Hood, C. Keller, T.

      Visualizing knowledge and information: an introduction. Knowledge and information visualization Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp. Kerssens-van Drongelen, I. Design principles for the development of measurement systems for research and development processes. Lehtinen, J. Is performance measurement suitable for an extended enterprise? Lurie, N. Visual representation: implications. Journal of Marketing , 71, Matus, C. O Plano como Aposta. Pagnussat Eds.

      Meisel, S. Synergies of operations research and data mining. European Journal of Operational Research , 1 , Meyer, J. Institutionalized organizations: formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology , 83 2 , Institutionalization and the rationality of formal organizational structure. Meyer Ed. Mintzberg, H. Reflecting on the strategy process.